Neurofeedback is a form of biofeedback which uses electrical signals from the brain detected by electrodes that are placed on the scalp. It is a completely painless and non-invasive exercise in which the person’s mental activity in the form of frequency bands or individual frequencies (brainwaves) are “fed back” to him or her via a computer. A coach trains the person how to change the activity of one’s brain in a desired way, and thus new behaviors are learned. This way, the person gains better control over his or her symptoms. Neurofeedback has been used to help those with Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD). It has also been used to treat problems that are stress-related, such as chronic pain, headaches, insomnia, depression and addictions. This technique is regarded as controversial, as its efficacy regarding ADD has not been proven in the scientific literaure, and it has yet to be studied for other uses.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is a type of therapy that has been demonstrated by many research studies to be the most effective approach for a variety of psychological problems. The therapy relationship is collaborative and goal-oriented, and the focus on thoughts, beliefs, assumptions and behaviors is key. In CBT, the goal is for a person to develop more realistic and rational perspectives, and make healthier behavioral choices, as well as to feel relief from negative emotional states. Specific techniques, strategies and methods are used to help people to improve their mood, relationships and work performance.

Schema Therapy is essentially an integration of cognitive, behavioral, gestalt and psychodynamic approaches, using the best aspects of each in a unified therapy. It is similar to CBT (standard cognitive behavioral therapy) in that the person learns how to correct his or her habitual and problematic patterns of thinking and feeling, and the corresponding difficulties in behavioral coping style. The focus is on identifying and understanding, and then challenging and overcoming the long-standing maladaptive patterns in thinking, feeling and behavior that create obstacles for a person in getting needs met and attaining life goals. The goal is for the person to feel better and enjoy greater life satisfaction.

CTA is a network of experienced therapists in the NY metro area who provide Cognitive Therapy and Schema-Focused Therapy. To inquire about an appointment, please call us at 212-258-2577.

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